A poll shows that the French population is more attracted to a Europe of nations than true European sovereignty, unlike the other two major countries of the EU.
As France takes over the presidency of the European Union on January 1, a Europa-Nova-Ifop study published jointly in Sunday Newspaper , the Corriere della Sera and the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung illustrates the radically different relationship that the French, Italian and German populations maintain with Europe. This study indeed reveals the differences between these three leading countries of the European Union in terms of attachment to the continental structure.
Thus, when 75 and 78% of Italians and Germans questioned say to themselves « proud to be European“, The French them, are only 68% to share this feeling. Conversely, our compatriots are 87% to declare themselves « proudOf their country, against 89% for Italians and only 77% for Germans.
A need for a « Europe of nations » in France
Another lesson correlated with this first observation: the French, unlike the Italians and the Germans, prefer a « Europe of nations with more sovereignty of countries« Rather than »European sovereignty within the framework of a more integrated Europe« . Thus, 40% of our compatriots are in favor of the first choice, against 29% of the second and 31% who “they do not know« . In Italy, the proportion is 34% for a Europe of nations, 50% for European sovereignty and 16% who do not know. Finally, the Germans are 38% to prefer the first choice, 43% the second and 19% « they do not know».
For Guillaume Klossa, founder of the Europa Nova think tank interviewed by the JDD, these elements allow several conclusions to be drawn. The first concerns the youth of these three countries: “Concerns about the future of young people, stronger in France than in other European countries, prevent them from seeing themselves as Europeans».
In addition, « the nature of the political regime is certainly a determining factor« In these gaps between France, Italy and Germany, according to Guillaume Klossa. The French presidential system « polarizes opinion« , according to him. And « if the president is seen as pro-European […], the oppositions will tend to oppose Europe in general or to neglect the subject« . The Italian and German parliamentary democracies, forced into alliances by this model, are on the contrary « favorable to a positive political support of European issues».
Finally, « the strong focus of the French public debate on the subject of migration, associated with Europe, contributes to further accentuate the fragmentation of opinion», Guillaume Klossa analyzes.