Faced with the mediocrity and standardization of the production of new housing, more and more mayors of important cities are putting pressure on developers to improve their quality. Among them, there are of course the elected ecologists, from the wave of June 2020, in Bordeaux, Tours, Strasbourg or Lyon, who wish to print their environmental brand. But right-wing elected officials, usually reluctant to supervise the market, are also working on it, such as those of the Nice-Côte d’Azur metropolis which, on December 16, adopted its « Benchmark for the quality of construction of housing and the living environment ».
« The repeated confinements have highlighted the inadequacy of recently built housing and the needs of its occupants », estimates Anthony Borré, vice-president of the metropolis and first deputy mayor (Les Républicains) of Nice, in charge of housing, urban renewal, city policy and security, a vast portfolio. “I note that, since the 1980s, the size of housing has lost, on average, 10 m2, that the open kitchen has become systematic and that mono-oriented housing is all too common ”, underlines the chosen one.
Too small rooms, non-existent kitchens
Mr. Borré does not hide the fact that the quality rules included in the future local inter-municipal urban plan, therefore opposable, will apply to all new housing, both private and social, with room for maneuver for operations of less than ten housing. The charter imposes a minimum area of 30 m2 for a studio, 45 m2 for a two-room apartment, 65 m2 for a three-room apartment, 79 m2 for a four-room apartment and 96 m2 for a five-room apartment. The kitchens must, from T3, be separable; each room must be able to accommodate two beds and storage space; an office or office area must be integrated into the apartment. An outdoor space, balcony, terrace, loggia, garden « Sufficiently large, ie at least 1.5 meters wide » should be planned, as well as common areas and gardens to be shared.
Finally, each apartment, from T3, must be multi-oriented and the building well protected from noise and heat thanks, in particular, to high inertia walls and plant barriers, one of which is « Plant charter » to come will specify the recommended species. « I was directly inspired by the work of the mission on the quality of housing, led by the architect François Leclercq and Laurent Girometti », confides Mr. Borré. The Girometti-Leclercq report was submitted on September 6 to the Minister of Housing, Emmanuelle Wargon, and its recommendations are included in a reference which will apply to buildings purchased new under the full rate tax system called Pinel +, from 1is January 2023.
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