It is often said that the dog is man’s best friend. Except maybe for people who are allergic to it. In Japan, scientists are working on a vaccine that would fight most dog allergies.
About a quarter of the French have a, it’s a little less than cat owners (about a third of the French), but it still represents 8 million . While for most people, owning a dog is a joy, it can become a nightmare.
The dog is lessthan the cat. Scientists have nonetheless identified seven different allergens, noted Can f-1 to f-7, responsible for common allergy. One of them, Can f-1, is responsible for 50 to 75% of . It’s about a present in the saliva of dogs and on their hair.
A future vaccine to reduce allergies to dogs
If the allergen is known, the precise region of it recognized by the, more particularly the , is not. For the first time, the complete structure of Can f-1 has been analyzed by at . This work, , identified five (His86, Glu98, Arg111, Glu138, and Arg152), potential targets of IgE due to their structure. Japanese scientists are continuing their research to find the ideal candidate that would go into the composition of a against allergies to dogs.
Hypo-allergenic vaccines are rare, in the case of dogs, there are none to date., doctors usually prescribe or eye drops to relieve from . From are possible, but the success of these very much depends on the allergy to be treated.